Update from South Sudan –
Sr. Carolyn Buhs & Br. Bill Firman

Sr. Carolyn Buhs

California Sister Carolyn Buhs, SNDdeN serves as a teacher and librarian for the Solidarity Teacher Training College in Yambio, South Sudan. She, along with members of other religious congregations, form the Solidarity With South Sudan organization. They live in several communities across the country where they train teachers, nurses, midwives, local farmers and community leaders.

The government of South Sudan has mandated that all schools move from an Arabic pattern of education, which was imposed by in the 1950’s, to English as the medium of education. Solidarity for South Sudan has delivered training and English language courses to more than 2000 existing teachers, and constructed two teacher training colleges, including in Yambio, where Sr. Carolyn is based. Unfortunately, the other teacher training college in Malakal is not currently operating as it has been totally looted and severely damaged in the civil unrest. If you would like to make a U.S.-based tax-deductible donation to support the work of Solidarity With South Sudan, please visit: www.solidarityfriends.org 

Sr. Carolyn's Update, April 2019

Warm Greetings this Holy Week from STTC Yambio, South Sudan!

This Holy Week will mark my fourth week of being back in South Sudan after my seven month medical leave in California. I'm very grateful to our Sisters and Ann Comer and my Brothers and their families for all the TLC I received that helped me recover and return to South Sudan! God is Good!

Since returning I've been able to unpack and stamp the 40 pounds of library books I carried to our College Library. Cataloguing those books will be the next step.

Our students are currently taking their end of trimester exams. Twenty-two Level Four students are taking their final exams. Their Graduation will be on Easter Tuesday, God willing!

Our Solidarity Community has been having a good bit of malaria. Today the fourth member has been diagnosed with malaria since I've arrived. Did I bring so many mosquitoes with me????

During my absence the Monitoring and Evaluation Team for Solidarity with South Sudan visited Yambio and the other areas where Solidarity members live and work (Juba, Wau, and Riimenze). Ms. Nicole Moran sent part of the evaluation to us. Ms. Nyokabi Kahura wrote the "Change Stories" and took the photos.

Nidal Yusuf, 20 years old from Nuba Mountains, current student at Solidarity Teachers Training College in Yambio.

I'm delighted with the Stories for our Solidarity Teacher Training College and have attached them with this email. There are eleven stories with accompanying photos. Five of the stories are about our Graduates: Simon Gaaniko, Innocent Abdalla, Joseph Dut, Kuerich Majok, and Tereza Peter. All these Graduates were my students either for Christian Religious Education or for Social Studies. I'm delighted to see how well they are doing.

Three of the above eleven stories are about three of our current students. Of this group I only know John Dau since he had served as student leader before I went for home leave. One of the eleven stories is about one of the pupils at Tambua Primary School where our students go for their Teaching Practice. Samson's happiness with our students' efforts has been reflected by many pupils I've met during my years here in Yambio.

Lastly, there are two stories expressing the appreciation of two parents for the kind of teaching our students give their children. There is repetition in the stories, but if you have the time to read the stories and see the photos, I think you will share my Easter Joy in God's Goodness to us!

Wishing you a joyous Easter!

To read the stories of how the Solidarity Teacher Training College is changing lives for the better, click here: Changes_Teachers Training_Solidarity with South Sudan

Christine Baptist, Parent, Sunrise Nursery and Primary School, Yambio, South

Sr. Carolyn's Update, February 2019

Greetings from Belmont, California!

I'm booked to fly to Dubai on 20 March and then to Juba on 22 March. Br. Bill will still be in Juba so I'll get a chance to see him. I'm hoping to carry a suitcase of library books for our College library. I'm very grateful for the time of recovery here in Belmont with our Sisters. I'm looking forward to seeing our College students and the tutors I've missed. God is Good!

Please see Br. Bill's reflections and several photos of the people he writes about. The US Institute of Peace report that Br. Bill quotes also includes good work for peace being done by "Anataban", a youth movement in Juba, and the peace efforts of women. The youth and the women are not included in this email. I guess Br. Bill didn't want the US Institute report to be tooo long and he wanted us to appreciate the efforts of Solidarity with South Sudan. Thank you for keeping us in your prayer. Please continue to pray for peace in South Sudan.


Sr Peg helps at student at the school where Sr. Carolyn Buhs serves.

Febuary Update/Reflection by Brother Bill Firman FSC, executive director of Solidarity With South Sudan

What is happening in South Sudan? To answer that question I quote excerpts from an insightful report recently published (REPORT from US Institute of Peace, Published on 22 Feb. 2019 by Maria J. Stephan; Nicholas Zaremba)

‘On September 12 of last year, South Sudan’s president, Salva Kiir, signed the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan (R-ARCSS) with South Sudan People Liberation Movement in Opposition chairman Dr. Riek Machar and several other armed groups.

Meanwhile, South Sudanese civil society has sought to further advance the country’s peace process through coordinated, strategic nonviolent actions and campaigns. According to the deal, the armed forces must be unified, and a transitional government should be formed by May 2019. However, at the midway point, the agreement’s implementation is facing many challenges including: a general lack of funding needed to carry out reforms; little progress on the reintegration of armed groups; military offenses against non-signatory groups; reports of assaults on peace monitors; and localized violence including the detestable accounts of mass rapes in Bentiu. The peace deal is being implemented amid an ongoing economic crisis and widespread food insecurity. As a result, many displaced South Sudanese feel that it is unsafe to return home.

Sister Josephine with students.

Nonetheless, there is hope among South Sudanese that this agreement will finally bring about peace and there have been some positive indicators. For example, some prominent opposition and former cabinet members have returned to Juba. The government has also released some political prisoners, and is taking steps to create key institutions like the National Pre-Transition Committee, the National Constitutional Amendment Committee and the Ceasefire and Transitional Security Monitoring and Verification Mechanisms. Furthermore, there has been a marked decrease in violence in conflict-affected areas.

However, the prospects for sustainable peace in South Sudan will be strengthened if the country’s civil society and grassroots leaders mobilize to ensure that their visions of a peaceful South Sudan are integrated into the peace process. Fortunately, this is already happening. Amplifying their nonviolent activism and supporting their efforts to organize strategic coalitions, campaigns and movements should be a priority of external actors seeking to support peace backed by justice and inclusion in the country…

True peace will not come to South Sudan merely through a top-down, negotiated agreement by political leaders, but rather in an environment where citizens can wield collective power to press for reforms that will foster peace,,,  South Sudan’s civic space is among the most limited in the world. There is little press freedom, critics of the government are repressed, NGOs are heavily monitored, and any meeting is subjected to be attended by security forces. On July 28, nationally known economist and peace activist, Peter Biar Ajak was arrested and detained after challenging the South Sudanese leadership. Now his lawyers are worried that his life could be in danger due to accusations of treason. However, South Sudan’s increasingly engaged civil society has taken action, calling for him to either be released or brought to trial.’

Father Mike in the Malakai Protection of Civilians camp.

Our Solidarity initiatives continue to thrive. Incoming Executive Director, Fr Jim Greene MAfr, is here preparing to take over from me in six weeks’ time. This weekend, Jim has been in Malakal where one of our members, Maryknoll priest Mike Bassano, has been living and working as chaplain in the PoC camp among the displaced people for 5 years. This is the Church I see, a Church that reaches out to the poor and needy. It is far from perfect. There have been disgraceful events; but let us be aware of the great good as well as the appalling failures.

– Br Bill

Read Br. Bill's full reflection here: 190. We Are The Church

Sr. Carolyn's Update, August 2018

Greetings from Yambio

Tomorrow we will celebrate the graduation of 16 students! I hope to attach their photo to Bill's 16 photos of people in the Nuba Mts. Our graduates are not all looking very happy in Gabe's photo. He told me they were worried Gabe would photo their rubber flipflops and some are in T shirts. The students like to look their very best when being photoed, but Gabe, our Maryknoll Lay Missioner from Wisconsin, is trying to keep a visual record of what's going on in the College. Gabe was having the students try on their blue gowns for proper sizing.

The August 2018 graduating class of the Solidarity Teachers Training College, Yambio, South Sudan.

In 1988 when Sr. Jane McAndrews and I first went to Sudan we lived three months in Kadugli, the capital of the Nuba Mts. We were trying to study Arabic. The Vicar General told us he was sending us to hell, because the mountains act like a reflecting oven for the heat and the Parish Priest did not want six foreigners in his parish!!!! It was hot for sure. Water came to our rented house by oil drums pulled by donkeys. Fortunately, we did not often see the Parish Priest! Paul Jeffrey's photos show photos of the cattle camp which we did not visit.

Next week I'll be flying to California through Dubai! I look forward to visiting with our Sisters and my family and friends. Thank you for keeping us in your prayer. Our students are hopeful these new peace agreements will work. We pray for justice and peace.


August Update/Reflection by Brother Bill Firman FSC, executive director of Solidarity With South Sudan

Young cattlekeepers pose among their herd in Gidel, a village in the Nuba Mountains of Sudan.

Two days ago, I flew from Juba to Yambio by a local airline, South Sudan Supreme Airlines, known locally as ‘South Supreme.’ With nine others, I perched on the back of a utility at Juba International Airport to be taken out to the plane. Then we waited while the utility did a second trip and the plane was refueled. Good that we shall have enough fuel I thought.

Better than the time Denis and I, enroute to Wau, saw the propeller on one engine stop rotating. A few minutes later the pilot announced, ‘We have a slight technical problem and will be returning to Juba’.  No point being upset by such mishaps. This is normal in much of Africa, especially in the newest nation, South Sudan. Denis and I made it to Wau on that occasion – by another airline! One needs to be adaptable!

Children attend Catholic Mass in Gidel, a village in the Nuba Mountains of Sudan.

Before we boarded the South Supreme plane, the more corpulent passengers were called out to sit towards the front. I confess I qualified but I opine some women were more embarrassed than I by the selection! As the co-pilot said, you don’t want to feel like you are flying uphill. Better to be balanced!

But as we flew to Yambio on South Supreme, I experienced a disconcerting stream of cold air coming up between my legs.  So I adapted, quite cleverly I thought, by putting my computer bag in front of me and diverting the cold air stream to – sorry madam, the woman on my right. This is not a new problem apparently. Sr Rosa told me she almost froze on an earlier flight. Maybe her computer bag was not so effective. Don’t ask me about the lady next to me but I did see her dress fluttering in the breeze – and she continued to look quite composed! I noticed she did have abundant insulation!

So here I am in Riimenze after a drive of eighty minutes, that used to take thirty in earlier times. I lived here for almost three years and feel quite at home to be back. I am greeted by the same cheerful smiles and a coy grin from the cook when I correctly remembered her name. Even the cat remembers me! What more can one ask?

A woman carries water from a well in Lugi, a village in the Nuba Mountains of Sudan.

I attach photos taken by Paul Jeffrey in the Nuba Mountains. Ethnically the people are part of the South and fought with the South in the war against the North; but politically they remain part of the North. Many from Nuba Mountains have studied in our South Sudan training institutes to become teachers and nurses. They are fine people. Br Bill

Read Br. Bill's full reflection here: 186 Of Patience and Pain

Sr. Carolyn's Update, July 2018

Greetings from Yambio!

Yesterday I returned from a week in Good Shepherd Peace Center in Kit across the Nile from Juba. We were about 30 Solidarity members sharing powerpoint photos of the ministries in Wau, Yambio, Riimenze and Juba. We also had a few reflective days on Cosmic Theology challenging us to hope big!!!

Jacob Enosa, a graduate of the Solidarity Teacher's Training College (STTC) in Yambio, South Sudan, sings with his students in the Catholic Church-sponsored St. Mary's Primary School in Yambio.

I'm very grateful for the time to connect with some other Solidarity members and to learn of the wonderful developments in Wau and Juba. On some mornings we were able to walk down to the Irish Bridge across the Kit River to see the sun rise. The water was flowing across the bridge preventing people and vehicles from crossing. We even met a man from our Masia, our area of Yambio, who was fishing from the sides of the bridge.

A mother feeds her child in an emergency feeding program for malnourished children at the Loreto Girls School in Rumbek, South Sudan.

We are very grateful to the many donors who help keep our ministries going and to all those who keep us in prayer. The peace talks in Addis and Khartoum seem to be reflected in the exchange rate. Before I went to Juba the exchange was 315 South Sudanese Pounds to the dollar. On my return to Yambio I found the exchange had dropped to 218 SSP to the dollar. However, the market prices have not yet dropped!!

Sending much love,

A woman cooks food for her family in a camp for internally displaced persons.

July Update/Reflection by Brother Bill Firman FSC, executive director of Solidarity With South Sudan

Living and working alongside 14 Sisters, 5 priests and 6 brothers, all of whom are members of diverse congregations that contribute missionaries on the ground in South Sudan to deliver the services of Solidarity, are 5 generous lay volunteers. These lay missionaries contribute significantly to the community life and ministry of Solidarity. Two of the four, lay missionaries join me in offering their unique perspectives on the current situation in South Sudan.

A YWCA educator plays games with children whose families have been displaced by armed conflict and taken refuge in a camp for internally displaced persons..

Recently there have been threatening situations in the areas around Riimenze and Yambio; but our ministry continues. We know what we do is respected by a grateful people. We are cautious but undaunted. Any fears our members may have are small in comparison with the local people. We know we are not being targeted while they live in fear of attacks on the innocent, and even reprisals, simply because of the tribe to which they belong or because soldiers are hungry. Some were attacked and looted last night in Riimenze. It is unjust, cruel, inhumane, but that is how it is. That is the reality of life for many people. We can’t change much now but we can provide opportunity and we can ensure the next generation will be better educated. We know our mission is important to the ordinary people.

Abrahim Lino, a 2-year old boy displaced by armed conflict, carries mangoes in a camp for the displaced.

All photos were taken by Paul Jeffrey depicting the people of South Sudan. Thank you, Paul.

Best wishes to all,


Read Br. Bill's full reflection here: 185. Three Perspectives

Sr. Carolyn's Update, February 2018

Greetings from Yambio!

The land is very dry. We are hoping for rain to come soon. Every night people are burning their fields in preparation to plant. The air has been quite polluted.
Yesterday was the Feast of St. Josephine Bakhita, the Patroness of Sudan and South Sudan and of Human Trafficking.

A few days before we celebrated the Feast of the Presentation of the Lord, our ND Foundation Day and the Day of Consecrated Women and Men Religious. We were blessed to celebrate with an Evening Mass in our Community Chapel….all eleven of our Solidarity Community in Yambio, Fr. Elia our parish priest, Sr. Bakhita MFIC, and three Christian Brothers of Edmund Rice.

This photo shows 15 of us around the altar. Gabe our Maryknoll Lay Missioner took the photo. I'm standing between Fr. Elia and Sr. Margaret Scott our Principal. After Mass we went to the Tourist Hotel to enjoy a buffet supper with goat, chicken and fish! Dessert was yogurt!

Sr. Carolyn (left of center in blue shirt) with her colleagues at a Celebration of Consecrated Life.

Thank you for keeping us in your prayer. Yesterday 311 child soldiers were given school bags to hopefully begin a new life. 87 of those children are girls. We continue to pray for peace.Pope Francis has named Friday the 23rd February as a day of prayer and fasting for peace in Democratic Republic of Congo and South Sudan.

Wishing you grace-filled Lenten Season.

February Update/Reflection by Brother Bill Firman FSC, executive director of Solidarity With South Sudan

South Sudan has been through difficult times since fighting broke out in late 2013. Everybody knows living conditions would have been much better if there had been no killing, no looting, no destruction, no raping and no war. We look back to the times when it was SSP2.2 = USD 1. A bottle of water was 1 SSP. Last week we changed money at the rate of SSP225 = USD 1. The biggest note, SSP100 is now worth only 44 US cents, Carrots have jumped recently in price from SSP 300 to SSP 400 per kg – USD 1.78 per kg. Okay if one has dollars but for people paid in SSP it is a huge problem. A bottle of water is now at least 20SSP.

But while the low value of the South Sudanese Pound means it doesn’t buy much at all, unless you carry a bag full of money, this is hardship only or for some, a battle of survival. This is NOT hopeless. We can be made stronger by adversity and the South Sudanese are an admirably resilient people. ‘Normal’ for many may now be only ‘one meal a day’ but that does not mean they are a people who have lost hope. Indeed, they are more motivated than ever and young people are keen to go to school and on to further study after that. It is sad to see a mother struggling to feed and clothe her family, let alone educate them. We help if we can as do many others. So what better place is there to be than accompanying these people on their journey?

Br Bill

Read Br. Bill's full reflection here: 182. Secondary Education in South Sudan

Sr. Carolyn's Update, December 2017

Blessings for your Advent Season!

Yesterday we celebrated the graduation of 17 students! God bless them! Our Bishop Edwardo celebrated the 10am Eucharist with us. After the speeches, the Bishop handed the certificates of Primary Teacher Training. Eleven of this class are from the Nuba Mountains in Sudan. The others are from Agok, Wau, and Maridi in South Sudan. God is Good!!

The photo shows our Principal Sr. Margaret Scott and me talking under the beautiful cashew tree near the entrance to the College. I've so enjoyed seeing this tree grow and produce cashews and a yellow fruit!!

I'm looking forward to seeing our Sisters in Kenya and making my annual retreat in Kenya. Thank you for your prayerful support. You will be in my prayer this Advent Season.


December Update/Reflection by Brother Bill Firman FSC, executive director of Solidarity With South Sudan

My bed in South Sudan is rather simple: a foam rubber mattress with fitted sheet and a matching burgundy pillow on a wooden slat bed frame. Only very rarely do I use a top sheet to cover myself and I don’t possess a doona, duvet, quilt or blanket – whatever you like to call it. I have decided mosquitoes don't like me. In eight years I have not had malaria. Al hamdu lilah! I don’t use a mosquito net – there is more breeze without one. Nor do I criticise those who need and use one. I have my own small en-suite bathroom. What more does one need? I like my small bedroom. I sleep well even with the disco blasting in the hotel behind us. Whereas it once was quiet every night, trade is obviously picking up on Friday, Saturday and Sunday nights. We no longer have silent weekends interrupted only by the regular loud, Muslim call to prayer from the mosque. I am now skilled at tuning out – call it a survival skill.

But I did not come here to sleep. There is a reason, a mission. What more does one need?

Br Bill

180. A Reason to Rise

My great friend and mentor, Br Damien Harvey, used to say: ‘A man has to have a reason to get up in the morning’. He was reflecting on the Brothers’ way of life. I am sure he would be equally comfortable with the more general statement: ‘Every person needs a reason to rise in the morning’, to get out of bed and start the day with optimism. The reason may simply be that you have something you really like to do that you are anticipating, eg an outing, going to a concert or for a meal with friends. The reason may also be one of deeper motivation that you really believe in what you are doing and are prepared to face whatever confronts you to achieve your goal.

The German philosopher, Friedrich Nietzsche, who published extensively in the 1870s and 1880s, offered many criticisms of traditional morality and religion. I am no expert on this very complex thinker whose views, as I understand them, often conflict with my own, but he was a master of thought provoking aphorisms. One fanciful one was, ‘And those who were seen dancing were thought to be insane by those who could not hear the music.’ As a metaphor, that rings true to me. Too often we only see half the picture and make misjudgments based on our limited insights.

I have often observed the incredible efforts made by highly motivated students who want to succeed and once again, a Nietzsche aphorism comes to mind: ‘He who has a why to live for can bear with almost any how’. It is amazing how much can be achieved and how long and hard we can work if we really are focused on a clear goal. Yes, there are often problems, obstacles, distractions along the way and we can make the mistake of focusing on those rather than our goal. But again Nietzsche insightfully observes: ‘That which does not kill us makes us stronger.’

Which brings me to the situation in South Sudan. Too many have been killed or driven from their homes, hundreds of thousands too many. But we cannot bring back those who have been so unjustly and mercilessly killed. What we must do primarily is to focus on those who are still able to dance. In 2005, the published statistic for South Sudan is that only 23% of children ever got to attend primary school at some stage – not finish just attend long enough to be registered. Only 35% of those were girls. So only 8% of girls ever went to school. By independence in 2011, the percentage had risen sharply to 46% of children going to school. Good progress but still the majority of children were not going to school. But let us think about the 8 per cent. It takes 12 years to complete primary and secondary. 12 years added on to 2005 takes us to 2017. So every young woman undertaking tertiary studies now was lucky enough to be in that 8% who were attending primary before 2005 – or they were educated outside the country in refugee camps such as Kakuma. This week, 14 women and 18 men will graduate as registered nurses or midwives, after three years of full-time study in residence at our Catholic Health Training Institute in Wau. That is quite a select achievement.

Girls in discussion in a class at the Loreto Secondary School in Rumbek, South Sudan. The school is run by the Institute for the Blessed Virgin Mary–the Loreto Sisters–of Ireland.

Last week I observed 240 secondary school girls at assembly at the Loreto school in Rumbek. Many are older than their peers in other countries but there they are – already graduates of primary school and most will go on to complete their secondary education. With good teaching, all of last year’s Loreto ‘Senior Fours’ passed well. A new better-educated generation is emerging. Opportunity now exists that did not exist 12 years ago. The odd student finds it hard to get out of bed in the morning but most are highly motivated. So are the teachers, many of whom are living away from their own families, to give a good education to the girls boarding at Loreto. It is highly motivating to be making a difference, again quoting Brother Damien, ‘to be making a contribution.’

Let the dance go on! '

– Br Bill

Sr. Carolyn's Update, November 2017

Wishing you many blessings for this Month of November!
Brother Bill has prepared a wonderful report about the work of the Solidarity Community in Riimenze where over 5,000 Internally Displaced People (IDP) are currently seeking security.

Four of our graduates have gone to teach in Riimenze. Emmanuel Justin and Silvan Peter are teaching the adult farm workers in the evening. Sera Wilson and Emmanuel Patrick are teaching in the Riimenze Primary School. Br. Christian was able to find funding to pay the salaries for the two teachers in the Riimenze Primary School. The government is way behind in paying teachers so they go to their farms to garden in order to feed their families.

Our 40 Level Three and Four students are now in 8 primary schools in Yambio. We are very proud of their good efforts and the children are so glad to see them!
God bless you in this last month of the Church year. Thank you for keeping us in your prayer. We are grateful the security in Yambio allows us to continue teaching.


The number of students at the Riimenze Preschool grew from 150 to 400 as people fled their homes to find safer areas. The Solidarity With South Sudan team ensures that the children are fed and checked for medical conditions such as scabies and ringworm.

November Update/Reflection by Brother Bill Firman FSC, executive director of Solidarity With South Sudan

Greetings All,

I am attaching a report I have sent to donors who have given funds to help the IFP situation in Riimenze.

Thanks to these caring donors, including several congregations, we have been able to support and assist these people in their time of suffering and crisis. I am pleased to report that at last there are signs of improvement in the situation in Riimenze – even if it cannot yet be described as stable.

You will note that our calculations show that we are feeding these people for less than USD 1 per week per person. A relatively small amount makes a huge difference to the people in Riimenze.

Please accept this Interim Report on Humanitarian Aid

Every best wish,


Sr. Carolyn's Update, September 2017

Greetings from Yambio!

Yambio Solidarity ommmunity members Sr Ailish & Br Edwin cook a meal for Sr. Carolyn and the other residents.

Today is the third Anniversary of the death of Bishop Gassi, the first bishop of our Diocese of Tombora-Yambio. Staff and students went to St. Mary’s Church, the Diocesan Center to celebrate Mass and to pray for peace for Yambio and for the country of South Sudan. Today is also the burial of the 24 year old son of our Matron Cecilia. He had witnessed the Sunday killing of the brother of our student Mustafa and had reported the death to the authorities. Cecilia’s son was abducted from the market yesterday and shot. Someone does not want to be identified. So we continue to pray for peace. There are too many guns.

Thank you for keeping us in your prayer as we pray for so many crimes that cry to heaven for justice.


Students of the Solidarity Teacher's Training College attend a flag-raising, wearing their new school shirts.

September Update/Reflection by Brother Bill Firman FSC, executive director of Solidarity With South Sudan

We continue to accept many lifestyle limitations in South Sudan but compared to the hungry people in their fragile tukuls, we are very well off in our solid houses protected by walls and barred windows. We sleep securely. We have money to buy what we need. I am struck by the number of your people I have met recently who talk about lingering pain in their abdomen. Is it the consequence, not only of frequent hunger, but of considerable malnourishment?

We missionaries have homes awaiting In other countries. Most here have no such option: this is the only country on earth that they can call home. Nonetheless, one hears more laughter than complaints and sees more smiles than grimaces. So I attest that human beings are very resilient. Help from missionaries and NGO personnel brings hope. We are certainly in the dark here but even a little light brightens the mood. Thanks to Paul Jeffrey for most of the photos. Our tutors and other staff can be seen helping to spread some hope.

Sorry to have been a little quiet lately. I am well but not so some of my technological equipment! It slows one down but there is always a way – eventually!

Best wishes to all,

Read Br. Bill's full reflection here: 178. Mushroom Leadership

Sr. Carolyn's Update, August 2017

Happy Feast of the Transfiguration!

Our students have completed their end- of- trimester exams and will have three days of workshops of First Aid, or Justice and Peace, or Capacitar (body exercises for trauma healing) while we tutors mark and grade their work. On Friday, 11th August, we will have Graduation Mass and Ceremony on the College lawn for 37 Level Four students. God bless them! This is our largest class to graduate! Seeing them go forth is another transformation for us as we hope they will bring blessings to the children they will be teaching.

I was blessed with the visit of Sr. Masheti of our Congregational Leadership Team. Besides chocolate and popcorn and novels, Masheti managed to carry the birthday cake baked by the Kenyan novices for our Principal, Margaret Scott, who celebrated her 60th birthday on the 14th July, the very day Masheti arrived in Yambio! I so appreciated Masheti's attentive listening to all my stories!

Thank you for keeping us in your prayer. We continue to pray for peace for South Sudan, especially in those places to which our students will be travelling.

Josephine Daniel and her children eat a breakfast of tea and bread in a camp for more than 12,000 internally displaced persons located on the grounds of the Roman Catholic Cathedral of St. Mary in Wau, South Sudan.

August Update/Reflection by Brother Bill Firman FSC, executive director of Solidarity With South Sudan

The fighting, the killing, the raping, the savagery of the civil war in South Sudan, make the headline news but among the quiet and peaceful, general populace there are some very basic problems facing the people, especially those who live in the PoC camps or the large towns. Powdered milk, tea, coffee, sugar and all kinds of food are already very expensive compared to the low wages of those who have jobs, but it is reaching the stage that even if people have enough money to buy these items, they can’t afford to boil water or cook the food. A lot more people are ‘footing’ (walking) their way around Juba. Public transport has become too expensive and there is less of it as a continuing shortage of fuel and high prices force vehicles off the road. Innocent people are the suffering victims of a senseless conflict they never wanted. The people endure the situation stoically but openly wonder how will they be able to cope.

We help those we know as much as we can and there are many dedicated workers in the many NGOs in South Sudan providing admirable support. An economic turnaround is greatly needed. Many countries are understandably reluctant to give aid that may be diverted to other purposes but assistance is certainly needed now and will be needed for quite some time.

The high quality photos with South Sudan and numbers were taken by Paul Jeffrey. We thank him for his generous support.

Postscript: For me it has been a frustrating week with internet problems and then my computer began to malfunction. I am now using a back-up computer that I had with me –for just such an eventuality. It is not easy to repair or replace apple computers here. It takes time to transfer data and favourite connections from my old computer to this new one. But I am very well, even if feeling quite inefficient.

Br Bill

Read Br. Bill's full reflection here: 177. A Cup of Tea

A girl throws ash on an animal on April 12, 2017, in a cattle camp in Dong Boma, a Dinka village in South Sudan's Jonglei State. The ash helps control flies in the cattle herd.

Sr. Carolyn's Update, received in June 2017

In late June 2017, Pope Francis directed that more than $500,000 in aid be devoted to Catholic organizations in South Sudan, with a large portion going to the Solidarity With South Sudan organization and the teacher's college where Sr. Carolyn Buhs serves. Read the Washington Post's report of the story here, and see the updates from Sr. Carolyn and Br. Bill below:

Greetings from Yambio!

The new library at the Teacher's College is now finished and hosting students!

God bless Pope Francis for his powerful way of bringing attention to South Sudan and the need for peace here. What a vote of confidence for the work of teacher training we are doing here! Our Level Three and Four students are entering their fourth week of practice teaching. Now our students know the names of their pupils and their pupils are appreciating the ways our students are helping them to learn English, Math, Social Studies, Science and CRE. God bless our students! We tutors who visit the schools for supervision can see the improvement in our students as they keep trying to use learner-centered teaching methods.

Sister Mary Paropet, a Missionary Franciscan Sister of the Immaculate Conception, talks with students in a classroom at the Solidarity Teacher Training College in Yambio, South Sudan.
Paropet, from Papua New Guinea, is a member of Solidarity with South Sudan, which trains teachers and health workers from throughout the country.

Brother Bill has included wonderful photos of our tutors here in Yambio….the community of men and women religious with whom I share ministry and life. I'm not in any photo because I was in Nairobi trying to buy books for our new library when Paul Jeffreys came to Yambio. God bless Sr. Phyllis Cook of the Kenya Unit for her support and help in the Nairobi book buying project!!!

Thank you for your prayerful support. Below is a message from Br. Bill, plus his attached longer message and photos.


April Update/Reflection by Brother Bill Firman FSC, executive director of Solidarity With South Sudan

Wow! A direct grant from the Pope. What else can I say? Wow! What could be more encouraging and affirming? Today, I pay tribute to my dedicated colleagues in South Sudan, especially to the members of our Yambio community, persons of diverse nationalities and personalities from a mixture of congregations. These recent photos, taken and captioned, by Paul Jeffrey, tell the story. There is no need for me to say more. I can lay claim only to the mundane library shots – but it a is a great new learning centre!.

Best wishes to all,

Br Bill

To read Brother Bill's full update about Pope Francis' gift to Solidarity With South Sudan, click here: South Sudan 176. Papal Encouragement

Sr. Carolyn's Update, received in May 2017

Brother Bill has been moving around South Sudan while I visited our SNDs in Langata, Kenya, the last week of April. Our Solidarity Community here in Yambio sent me to Nairobi for a week to buy books for our new Library at the Textbook Center. God bless Sr. Phyllis Cook who was able to come for a visit to Nairobi from Malava ahead of her schedule. The day after arriving in Nairobi I came down with malaria. Phyllis helped me reach three textbook Centers: Galleria Shopping Mall in Langata, Kijabe Stree in downtown Nairobi, and Sarit Center Mall in Westlands. What a whirlwind tour! I was able to buy three boxes of beautiful books and a roll of colorful science charts that will help our students on teaching practice. I was able to return to Juba with two boxes of books as my checked in luggage. We hope the Christian Brothers with whom we teach here in Yambio will bring the other box and the roll of charts.

Sister Carolyn avoided holes in the floor while waiting in one of the "terminal" tents at the Juba airport.

I also waited in the tents of the Juba Airport and tried to avoid falling in the holes.

The rains have come and the temperature is a bit cooler, Alleluia!!! We've begun the second trimester of the year. This time I'm teaching Christian Religious Education. Soon we'll be gearing up for teaching practice, God willing.

Thank you for keeping us in your prayer. Our students gather each morning for prayer for peace and some exercises in trauma healing…..a very peaceful beginning for the day.


April Update/Reflection by Brother Bill Firman FSC, executive director of Solidarity With South Sudan

We are not permitted to take photographs at the airport, nor near bridges, nor of the military. I guess it is a throwback rule to when there was civil war with the north and there may have been some strategic significance of this injunction. Juba airport is now a set of tents with loose plywood flooring on bricks – and now with significant holes in some sections. I joke not. The ‘new terminal’ destined to be opened in time for independence in 2011 looms cavernous and unfinished. The old terminal is being extended into a new, ‘new terminal’. So for the past few months one enters and exists through tents. There is no separation of international and domestic – other than the check-in desks. There is only one departure gap – can’t say gate as there isn’t one. I can’t show photographs or I would not be writing this. We get by but Juba airport is not my favourite place. Needless to say there is no announcement system other than the human voice and no air-conditioning other than a raised tent flap. There are too few seats that are not broken. Thank God I look old enough that someone usually offers me a seat, even a broken one. Check-in is two hours before, even for short, internal flights. There is no coffee lounge.
So when I write of all the places I visit, please remember the penance I have done! But it is good to be back with our dedicated Solidarity team sharing the troubled journey of the very good people of South Sudan.

– Br Bill

Click here: 174.The Long View to read Br. Bill's full reflection for the month.

Sr. Carolyn's Update, received in March 2017

Greetings from Yambio!

Father Mike Bassano, a Maryknoll priest from the United States, gathers children around the altar as he celebrates mass in a makeshift chapel inside a United Nations base in Malakal, South Sudan.

Sunday, during Mass, I marveled at the golden globes of fruit hanging high in the giant mango trees around St. Mary’s Church. The morning sun caused the fruit to glow!

Thank you for your many messages of concern and assurance of prayer for the people of South Sudan who are suffering from famine….a famine induced by the war. The Internally Displaced People in Riimenze now number about 6,000. The Solidarity farm is still harvesting sweet potatoes so the people there still have food. We at the College are grateful for the green peppers and mangoes from the farm.

A boy plays volleyball inside a camp for internally displaced families in Yei, South Sudan.

Our Level Three and Four students (now 50 in number) have completed exams and have spent the past week intensively working at preparing Schemes of Work for four weeks for each of three subjects they are beginning to teach this week in eleven primary schools in Yambio town. Some schools only have 15 in a class. These are private schools requiring tuition. Other schools, run by the government, may have 120 pupils in a class. Many of these children have been displaced by the insecurity outside of Yambio town. What a terrific challenge for our students! God bless them! Tomorrow five of us staff will go to the schools to supervise our students in action!

We continue to pray for peace. Thank you for joining us in this prayer.

Below is the message from Brother Bill who is on his home leave in Australia. The photos are of the Internally Displaced People in UN Protection camps in Juba and Malakal.

Love, Carolyn

A displaced girl behind barbed wire inside a United Nations base in Malakal, South Sudan. More than 20,000 civilians have lived inside the base since shortly after the country's civil war broke out in December, 2013, but renewed fighting in 2015 drove another 5,000 people, including this woman, into the relative safety of the camp.

March Update/Reflection by Brother Bill Firman FSC, executive director of Solidarity for Sudan

On my first extended leave since 2014, I am in Australia attending to all the necessary things that are not so easy to achieve in South Sudan: so far three dental appointments and more to come. I have new spectacles bringing the world into sharper focus. I have reactivated various cards that had passed their use-by-date and done some shopping. There are, of course, plenty of clothes available in South Sudan but my squat morphology is not common: I don’t fit the shape of most of the clothes they make! I found, on arrival in Melbourne, that my phone would not work. When I went to Telstra, I discovered I have a 2G phone, an obsolete kind no longer used in Australia. There are now many ‘smart phones’ in South Sudan but, having had a couple of phones stolen, I think it smarter to keep it simple!

A boy brushes his teeth as his mother provides encouragement in a camp for internally displaced families in Yei, South Sudan.

More importantly, I am catching up with family and some friends. I was lucky to be here for a couple of family gatherings and a well-attended school reunion where they conducted a raffle with the proceeds given to me to take back to assist the people of South Sudan. The generosity and good will of people is enormous. It is a change to have people giving me money rather than asking for it. Solidarity with South Sudan is not a relief agency; we remain focused on building capacity by training teachers, nurses, midwives, pastoral workers and farmers. Nonetheless, we cannot ignore the needs of those among whom we live and work. Our continuing presence there gives the people hope. It is a good place for me to be, short-term, but very difficult for those who call South Sudan home.  I thank Paul Jeffrey for taking most of the attached photos.                  – Br Bill

Read Brother Bill's full reflection here: 173. Another World

Sr. Carolyn's Update, received in January 2017

Greetings from Yambio!

Sister Rosa of Solidarity for South Sudan with children at Christmas.

Thank you for your continued prayer for us in South Sudan. Here in the Teacher Training College we have begun the new semester with 120 students, the largest enrollment we've ever had. The students from all over South Sudan and from the Nuba Mountains in Sudan. Our new library is about three times the size of the old one which is now being used as a classroom. Our students really appreciate the spaciousness and larger sized furniture and come often for study and research. Our wish is for more tutors to teach our students. Brother Bill shares the painful reality of the 5,000 displaced people now camping in the Riimenze church compound. We all continue to pray for peace.



January Update/Reflection by Brother Bill Firman FSC, executive director of Solidarity for Sudan

Living conditions for refugees from other areas of South Sudan

Last August, I wrote about the good news, the positive situation in Riimenze, South Sudan (no.167). Today that situation no longer exists. Has the agriculture project collapsed? No. The people are simply the victims of a callous civil war in which they have never wanted to participate. I suspect that what has happened in Riimenze has happened in other parts of South Sudan but it is not being reported. The situation is not hopeless. All the Government has to do is allow the people to go back to their homes and subsistence agriculture – and for the rebels also to leave them alone. Is that too much to ask? Most homes have been looted and destroyed but the people are resilient. They will rebuild their simple homes. Food will be a problem short-term as many people were not able to go to their gardens to harvest their crops. Several of our religious congregations and donor partners have responded generously with funding sufficient for the immediate needs. Unlike many in the Protection of Civilian camps in Juba and other places, these people do have homes and properties to which they can return. All it needs is for them to be assured they can go home without fear. There is far too much fear in South Sudan.

5,000 refugees are now living in the church compound in Riimenze, South Sudan.

Significantly for us, neither the rebels nor the Government soldiers have threatened us. Indeed, they have made it explicitly clear they appreciate what we are doing and neither our missionary personnel nor our large farm, including the animals, have been touched. The photos from Sr Rosa tell a sad story. Thank you to Rosa, Margo, Josephine & Christian for the extraordinary help they are giving, and to all who are supporting our valiant Solidarity members in Riimenze.  It is not the mission we planned but it is the one that now confronts us. We pray that the local people may be allowed to go home before the wet season sets in.

– Br Bill

Read the rest of Brother Bill's reflection here: Brother Bill S Sudan Update 172

Sr. Carolyn's Update, received in November 2016

Happy Thanksgiving to all our Sisters, family, and friends in the United States!

Advent Seasons Blessings to all!

Thank you for keeping us in your prayer. Two days before the end of our students' teaching practice we heard a gun battle at 6:20am for 30 minutes. It sounded so close. Our students stayed in the College. The primary schools were closed for two days. Since most of our students are boarders, the Level One and Two students carried on with their end of Semester exams, God bless them! Security was restored to Yambio and we were able to celebrate Graduation Day for 26 students last Thursday. What a joyous day!! Those graduates have now left for their home villages where they will help in promoting peace and justice through education, God willing!

Graduating teachers
Graduating teachers
Brother Denis
Brother Denis

Brother Bill's reflections and photos follow and are attached. The photo of Brother Denis was taken in the small couryard of our Solidarity guest house in Juba. God bless Denis and Bill for their tireless work in helping us carry on here in Yambio! Again, thank you for your prayerful support.



November Update/Reflection by Brother Bill Firman FSC, executive director of Solidarity for Sudan

The two paragraphs below are from Brother Bill's update. Read the full text here: Brother Bill's Update 170

After leaving this opening ceremony for the new Peace Center, attendees were robbed at gunpoint.
After leaving this opening ceremony for the new Peace Center, attendees were robbed by soldiers.

South Sudan is a resource rich country with plenty of arable land, water and oil, but the potential prosperity has been squandered in disagreements between tribal leaders creating confusion and disorder. The hopeful, optimistic people at the time of independence have been reduced to a people living  in fear of losing what little they have left. Many are hungry.Literally millions have been displaced from their homes, driven away by violent intrusions and attacks by their own army and so called security forces.

Unfortunately, the leaders of South Sudan have made some dreadful choices. I can’t do much about that but I can make my own choice. My Solidarity companions and I make the choice to be here because we are creating opportunity for the South Sudanese. That is our motivation  and conviction.

Sr. Carolyn's Update, received in October 2016

Greetings from Juba!

My flight from San Francisco to Dubai was long. I enjoyed watching "Jungle Book" for some of that flight. The night in Dubai was long and quiet. The flight from Dubai to Juba offered me an air view of the tallest building in the world…..Burj Khalif in downtown Dubai. I arrived about 2:30pm in Juba on Friday. Tomorrow, Monday, I'll fly to Yambio. I'm looking forward to seeing the Solidarity Community there and the students. The library is now getting a roof!

I'm grateful for the blessed days I enjoyed in California with such happy visits with Sisters, family, and friends. God bless and keep you! I'm very grateful for your prayerful support.

Below is a message from Brother Bill. Attached you will find his longer reflection and the newsletter about the new Peace Center that has just opened. Maybe one day I'll be able to make a retreat there, God willing!



October Update/Reflection by Brother Bill Firman FSC, executive director of Solidarity for Sudan

The project of the combined Religious in South Sudan to build a centre for human, pastoral and spiritual formation, peace building and trauma healing for South Sudanese and church personnel – lay, clergy and religious – at Kit near Juba, South Sudan, was launched officially by Archbishop Paulino Lukudu Loro on  11th October 2014. Thanks to the drive and energy of Fr Daniele Moschetti, Chairperson of the Association, and of Comboni Brother, Hans Eigner, a skilled engineer, this centre, now named as the ‘Good Shepherd Peace Centre’ will be blessed and opened on this coming Saturday, 15th October, 2016.

Given the conflict within the country and the difficulty this posed in bringing in materials and employing a capable workforce, the completion of this Centre is a remarkable achievement. More than 2.7 million US dollars were raised to construct the Centre and it has been completed within budget. Brother Denis has put many hours into the project bookkeeping and banking.

Appropriate ecological systems have been used, consisting of a 50 kWp solar power system, a straw shredder and briquetting press to replace the use of firewood and charcoal, a solar hot water system for kitchen and laundry and a wastewater biological treatment plant. There are forty, en-suite bedrooms each capable of taking two beds plus a youth hostel that can accommodate 60. Instead of photos, I am attaching a copy of the August edition of the ‘Kit Center News’ that shows the buildings nearing completion.

The initial community to staff the Centre consists of a South Sudanese Comboni Priest, two members of Solidarity with South Sudan – a Vincentian priest from the Philippines, and a Sister of the Immaculate Heart of Mary from the USA – plus a Jesuit priest from Rwanda and a St Martin De Porres Brother from Uganda. It is being staffed by a team living unity in diversity.

That the Centre exists at all shows that a lot can be achieved against the odds. It is a gift of hope for the people of South Sudan and especially for all who will go there.

– Br Bill

Read the full text of Brother Bill's update here: 169. Sense of the Senseless and see photos and many more details about the new Centre here:.Kit Center News 7

Sr. Carolyn's Update, received in September 2016

Greetings from Belmont!

Thank you for keeping South Sudan in your prayer. Brother Bill's reflection about the good work of the Loreto Sisters in Rumbek is very encouraging. Praise God!

South Sudan - Loreto primary students
Loreto school primary students

I'm enjoying cool, breezy days in California and the chance to connect with Sisters, family, and friends around Belmont. God is Good!

Please continue to pray for peace for South Sudan.


August Reflection by Brother Bill Firman FSC, executive director of Solidarity for Sudan

The immediate outlook in South Sudan remains uncertain but many NGO personnel are now returning. A delegation from the UN Security Council is here. The clear message is that the world Is not abandoning the people of this strife-torn nation. I am not too old to notice that many of the returning foreign workers are young women! Notwithstanding recent terrible events described in the worldwide media, including the rape of foreigners, one has to admire the courage of these workers. I am witnessing the ‘miracle’ of what people are prepared to do when they are really motivated.

Girls sharing food, part of the "modern miracle" of Loreto school
Girls sharing food, part of the "modern miracle" of Loreto school

Last week, I was in Rumbek where I saw another, modern-day ‘miracle’ in which courage and the intelligent use of resources provided by generous donors, is also helping the people here in this time of great need and vulnerability.  Unfortunately, the high attendance rate of both teachers and students at Loreto is not typical of many schools in South Sudan. The story of the ‘Loaves and Fishes’, and the emphasis given by Pope Francis on the duty of people of faith to care and to share, was brought home to me. The holistic, Loreto approach shows how powerful a school can be in helping the deserving poor move from surviving to thriving

Read about the "modern miracle": Loaves & Fishes

There are good things happening in South Sudan.

– Br Bill

Sr Carolyn's Update, received in August 2016

Brother Bill's sharing about our Solidarity Community in Riimenze is very encouraging.

Harvesting ground nuts.
Harvesting ground nuts.

Our 106 students' favorite food is groundnut sauce with cassava leaves on Bakinde, a kind of cassava and maize stiff porridge. It takes a farm to supply the students with food! It takes us an hour on a bad road to visit the community in Riimenze. Some years ago the journey took half an hour. That was before the road deteriorated.

Tomorrow I will fly to Juba and then on Friday to Dubai and then…..to California! I'm looking forward to seeing family, Sisters and friends!!! (NOTE: Sister Carolyn is safely with us us California for a visit!)

Eager learners at school.
Eager learners at school.

Thank you for keeping us in prayer. Every morning our students gather for a Prayer Assembly for Peace. Maybe twice a day we hear and see military helicopters flying overhead. God bless and keep you.



July Reflection by Brother Bill Firman FSC, executive director of Solidarity for Sudan

Br. Bill Firman stands in a field of cassava plants, part of the sustainable agriculture project that three years ago was bush land.
Br. Bill Firman stands in a field of cassava plants, part of the sustainable agriculture project that three years ago was bush land.

FORWARDING NOTE FROM BROTHER BILL: The political situation In South Sudan is far from stable. Theories abound, some more speculative than others. I am not going to add to them. It is simply not clear what is happening, nor why. There is certainly fighting in parts of the country but, in places where we are living and working, peace continues to prevail. Unfortunately, there are no real signs of healing or reconciliation and disintegrating law and order is a major concern. The economy seems to be collapsing with estimates of an inflation rate between 600% and 1,000% depending on where you take your starting point. Use-by-dates – totally ignored by me – have become my friend.  I simply shop for bargains and buy up big when I can. We have yet to find anything inedible even if it is outdated!

Workers on the farm are paid by Br. Christian
Workers on the farm are paid by Br. Christian

Here in Juba many people are very hungry. Even in the UN Protection of Civilian camps people often do not get enough to eat as the supplies in the biggest storage depot of the World Food Programme were looted during the outbreak of violence in early July. But the many pictures I am attaching to this report tell a different story in Riimenze where we have been developing a Sustainable Agriculture Project. This project heralds a way forward for the development of more self-sustainability in South Sudan. ‘From little things, good things grow!’

– Br Bill

Click here to see Brother Bill's reflection for the month: 167. Nurture & Growth

This man works at the farm created as a project of Solidarity With South Sudan.
This man works at the farm created as a project of Solidarity With South Sudan.

Sr Carolyn's Update, July 2016

Greetings from Yambio!

Yesterday we began the second semester with the students who are here. We have about six students stranded in Juba, wanting to come here. The planes don't seem to be working this way and the road is too dangerous with thieves. This week we begin each day with an hour's prayer and song for peace with our students. Our students' singing is so very joyful and full of hope and life.

Br. Bill's Solidarity photo was taken in Juba where we enjoyed our Annual Solidarity Assembly. I'm very grateful for the time together and for the blessing that nine of us were able to fly to Yambio before the terrible fighting erupted in Juba just before the fifth Anniversary of South Sudan's Independence.

Brother Bill's reflections tell of the horrors of death and displacement in Juba. Thank you for keeping us in your prayer.



June Reflection by Brother Bill Firman FSC, executive director of Solidarity for Sudan

In a letter to Church personnel a few days ago, the Archbishop of Juba wrote:

"The security situation in Juba has deteriorated since 7th July, 2016. A ceasefire has been in place since the evening of 11th July and is currently holding. However, the security situation remains unstable… For our expatriate missionaries and lay personnel who choose to leave Juba for a safe place, please write to the Archbishop. As we continue to pray for a lasting peace in South Sudan, let us be strong and of good courage for the Lord our God is with us in this difficult moment. Please remember that all of us are pastors by vocation in any way to our people in this situation, not only when the situation is peaceful’.

South Sudan: Displaced Mum - July 2016
A displaced mother with her children

In difficult times, we have more to offer, perhaps, than in stable times. The people know we can leave but are encouraged when we chose to stay with them.  ‘Could you not watch one hour with me?’ takes on a new meaning. We do not share the inter-tribal fears that have been inflamed since December 2013. We stand to one side and can pour a little water on the fire or apply healing balm to those who have been burned by the callous actions of others. We are called to live our Christian faith. As Archbishop Paolino wrote: ‘be strong and of good courage because the Lord our God is with us in this difficult moment’. I invite you to join us in praying for a lasting peace in South Sudan.                     

– Br Bill


No-one to Cry                

Denis had seen the man a few times. He had appeared occasionally outside of our fence in the evening, apparently homeless, finding a place to sleep. He did not beg or ask for anything but Denis had given him water and a bread roll. On Saturday afternoon, he died there on the street – alone. Our neighbours alerted us. The police came and took the body away. Nobody knows his name or where he came from. Another life ended in South Sudan. For somebody, somewhere, he is a missing person, perhaps a father, brother or son, just another statistic in a nation where all too many die and nobody knows. They just disappear.

South Sudan: Sr Alice arranging bus to PoC camp - July 2016
Boarding a bus to a PoC camp.

A few days ago, a father of six, the brother of a Nuer Malakal priest, Bulus Dirpeny, was shot and killed. The man was on his way to stay with his brother, Fr. Bulus, because he did not feel safe. A killing based on ethnicity. Earlier this year, we welcomed South Sudanese–born married Deacon, George Meat Piech to stay with us while visiting Juba from Melbourne, Australia. His cousin often came to meet him here, an impressive, upright man. His cousin was stopped at a checkpoint eight days ago and killed – simply because he was Nuer.  There is no accountability for these actions, no effective system of justice. But at least these men who died have loved ones who mourn their passing. A small consolation. Many people here have one or more relatives who have simply disappeared, probably dead, victims of a senseless conflict. How is it that so many can die, so much fear can exist, when the great majority of people long for peace? Can the dead rest in peace when the living do not live in peace?

South Sudan: Treating bullet wound - July 2016
Treating a bullet wound

Often worse than the reality are the rumours that exaggerate the dangers and put people on edge. One person’s conjecture, when re-told to others, can become another person’s substantiated belief. The shadow of danger can cloak the mind with fear of something that never happens. It has been six days since fighting ceased in Juba; but still a massive exodus of expatriates continues. Most of the South Sudanese have no such option. Indeed, I don’t know why, but some South Sudanese who have dual citizenship with another country, have been blocked from leaving. Who gives such an order or is it just the action of individuals inflated with their own sense of power and self-importance?

Yesterday, one member of the St Martin De Porres Brothers (a local congregation), was arbitrarily abducted by National Security personnel. I can’t say arrested because we do not know the reasons or status of their actions. I do know that the violence imposed on the people by security personal, soldiers and police, is one of the biggest factor causing instability. They seem to think their uniforms and their guns give them the right to take whatever they want and do whatever they wish, without any fear of consequences. When soldiers are unpaid because the Government has no money to pay them, many of those soldiers loot, rape and take from the vulnerable.  This is the consequence of a broken economy: those who are supposed to protect society become the perpetrators of violence.  It is the law of the jungle: survival of the fittest! Here, when violence breaks out, the people flee to ‘the bush’. I wonder how many will die like the man at our gate – undernourished, without shelter, isolated, alone, no-one to cry at their passing.

"We are safe together."
"We are safe together."


So where to from here? Our Health Training Institute (CHTI) and Teacher Training College (STTC) are still operating. Indeed, a new class has just begun at the STTC and our CHTI students have helped valiantly to keep the hospitals operating in Wau. We have heard of other training institutes closing, citing lack of staff or lack of food. Our students are secure in their Colleges and are still studying so that they can help create a better South Sudan. This is not the time to give up. Already I hear comments almost of surprise: ‘You are stlll here?’ The truth is we know there are some dangers but we are not going to be frightened off by what might happen. Our continued presence gives our students and the wider people hope. They see that we really are here to accompany them on their painful journey.

Distribution of water
Distribution of water

In fact, we do not share all their pain. We are still well-fed while many are hungry. We have secure, brick compounds in which we live while so many people are in fragile grass huts or are displaced from their humble homes. . We have back-up and outside resources; the little that many people here possessed has been taken from them. Across our street a five-year-old child, Lodule, cheekily roams the streets when his mother locks the house each day while she is in the market trying to earn enough to survive. Not exactly good parenting but she has little choice. We have choice. That is itself a gift.

Sr Carolyn's Update, June 2016

Greetings from Yambio on this Tenth Sunday of Ordinary Time! The Church here in Yambio is celebrating the Sacred Heart of Jesus today! Both gospels show the merciful love of Jesus for us.

Loreto Sister Orla Treacy talks with girls at the Loreto Secondary School in Rumbek, South Sudan. Treacy is the school's principal. The school is run by the Institute for the Blessed Virgin Mary--the Loreto Sisters--of Ireland.
Loreto Sister Orla Treacy talks with girls at the Loreto Secondary School in Rumbek, South Sudan.

Br. Bill's reflection is beautiful and hopeful about the valiant Sr. Orla, Loretto Sister Headmistress of the wonderful Loretto Girls Secondary School in Rumbek, and the valiant Holy Spirit Sister Veronika, doctor in Yei. The three SPLA soldiers who shot Sr. Veronika have been arrested and will be tried. They are boy soldiers between the ages of 16 and 18. Did they ever have the chance of primary education, let alone secondary education?

Here at Solidarity Teacher's Training College Yambio we are reeling with the news of the death of our beloved fellow tutor and friend, Christian Brother Pascal. He was buried in Arusha, Tanzania, yesterday. A few weeks ago he had flown to Kenya to be with his dying father and to bury him. While visiting with the Christian Brothers in Arusha, Pascal was in a matatu(taxi) that overturned. Six of the eight passengers died. Pascal was one of the six. We received the news last Sunday evening. We and all our students were so shocked. Monday we had no classes. It was a day of grieving. The College Compound was so very quiet. In the afternoon we had a Prayer Service with candles and time for sharing our love for this talented, enthusiastic teacher.

A proud father with his graduating daughter
A proud father with his graduating daughter

Tomorrow our thirty Level 3 and 4 students will begin their student practice teaching in nine schools. Please keep our students in your prayer. Thank you for the way you do pray for us. How else could we have the strength to continue? In the past five months we've lost three outstanding tutors…Pascal and our two Sisters who were traumatized in December.

Wishing you blessings for the month of the Sacred Heart!



June Reflection by Brother Bill Firman FSC, executive director of Solidarity for Sudan

I write today of two women in South Sudan, one a missionary whose life was tragically ended in unprovoked violence last week; and one a young woman who, against the odds, has just graduated from Loreto School in Rumbek: two women of great character from very different backgrounds, whose own words convey strong and moving messages.

Sr. Veronika, Theresia Racková SSpS, was killed in South Sudan in May, 2016.
Sr. Veronika, Theresia Racková SSpS, was killed in South Sudan in May, 2016.

The first is Sr Veronica SSpS, a Holy Spirit Sister, a medical doctor and hospital administrator well known to many of us. I attach a brief summary of the event of her tragic death last week, as written by her congregation. In early 2014, not long after violent conflict erupted in South Sudan, Veronica herself wrote the following, faith-filled words:

  • "Recently somebody asked me why I am staying here under such circumstances. Why- Because Jesus continued his way and did not give up when it became difficult. He accepted suffering, hardships and carried the cross till the end. He remained obedient to the will of the Father. He was always with the people. He did not abandon them. He was even ready to accept the death, because he loved them. Being a woman disciple of Jesus I am following the footsteps of Jesus in the power of the Holy Spirit. I cannot leave the people of South Sudan because I love them. They are happy that we stay with them, pray with them and work together building this young and fragile country. The people need our support, prayer and help."
At this junction I would like to thank to all who supported us with their prayers, sacrifices and finances. We are called to be a sign of hope especially in the time of darkness. God will never abandon us because he is he is our Emmanuel=God with us.


The second young woman, whom I have met on my visits to Loreto for School Board meetings, wrote as follows. I have changed only her name.

  • ‘I am Mary Theresa Legge. I am the first born in a family of quiet a good number of children, six stepmothers and several aunts and uncles. The size of the family made it too hard for me to attend my studies regularly. This was because I had to do my domestic duties which at times prevented me from going to school. This was worst especially when I was in primary. My stepmothers with whom I stayed wanted me to sit at home doing domestic work as my young step siblings went to school.My mother got pregnant when she was a young girl by my father. Her father did not want my father so he gave her to another man and my father took me. He gave me to my stepmothers with whom I stay today.  These women were not good to me and kept pushing me from one person to another working for them. Sometimes, I went to school late because I had to first sweep a large compound, wash the dishes, fill the pots with water and prepare breakfast before going to school. I found the school gate locked and consequently I received a lot of beatings from my teachers. This made me cry bitterly because nobody understood what I was going through.If I went to school without doing any one of my domestic duties, my stepmother beat me and refused me from eating lunch and supper. Lunch was not a problem to me because I was used to live without it.
  • In the morning when I went to school, I had to carry the money with me so that I passed by the market to buy what to cook for supper after school. I dropped my school bag on arriving home and went straight to the kitchen to prepare supper. I only rested at night when I shared one thin mattress with my two cousins. My father used to leave very early in the morning and come late in the evening. He did not know much of what I was going through and I did not make any step to tell him because he would have even beat them. That was the last thing I wanted, so I chose to keep it for myself.
  • Most of my age mates who experienced life almost like mine looked for husbands and advised me to do the same. They said it was the only way I would have found peace and love but I refused. My father struggled to make sure I stayed in school though I was academically poor. Resources to educate me were also a huge problem with all the number of children he had. I struggled to finish primary school.I miraculously passed my exams. This gave me more hope and interest to continue my studies.

  • After my primary school, I had no idea of what I could do next. My father could not manage to continue my studies because he lost the only lumbering machine which was the only source of our income. It was stolen by the co-workers of my father.  God with mighty works and opened another way as I was almost giving up. He got a job and I also heard of Loreto which my father suggested immediately when he got a job. I prayed so hard to God so as I get an admission and God answered my prayers. The first day I arrived at school, I was taken to the dormitory by my ‘school mother’. The fact that Loreto was a boarding school made me so happy.  As I stood there that day, I knew it would have been my next home. A home that I had loved so much and longed for.

  • The school made me discover my very self that God had given me but did not know. As I stayed in school doing my studies, I started doing very well academically. I discovered that I only needed  a place like this to resurrect.  I have discovered that boarding school is the best for girls to wake up and discover themselves like I did. Today, I have finished my secondary education and working with my school, getting experience as I wait for God to open a way for me to continue. I believe that even in the darkest hour of life, God can still show his might and power.’

So much can be achieved if opportunities are given. There are currently just over 400 missionaries in South Sudan. Each would say with Sr Veronica, ‘We are called to be a sign of hope especially in the time of darkness’. What hope would other girls have, in similar situations to Mary Theresa in this polygamous society, if the Loreto Sisters had not chosen to go the Rumbek and, with the generous support of many donors, develop a quality boarding school for girls?  It is not easy to be a girl or woman in South Sudan but missionary sisters certainly bring genuine hope that life can be better.

Sr Veronica wrote: ‘He (Jesus) did not abandon them. He was even ready to accept the death, because he loved them.’

Veronica, an immensely talented woman gave her life so that others may come to know, as Mary Theresa said, ‘that even in the darkest hour of life, God can still show his might and power,’  a might and power, not imposed by soldiers with weapons, but delivered with the profound tenderness of one who cares for others.

We salute these two valiant women in their resolute belief, and in the power of their love.
– Br Bill


Sr Carolyn's Update, May 2016

Greetings from Yambio in South Sudan!

In three weeks our Level Three and Four students will sit their final exams and then they'll go to visit the schools where they will be doing their teaching practice. This is an exciting time for the students and us tutors. I so appreciate seeing how our students manage teaching in unusual places….some are under trees or in classrooms with collapsing walls, many have stones, cans, or whatever to sit on. We are very grateful for the security we've been enjoying that allows the students and children to attend the primary schools.

In Brother Bill's reflection (Br. Bill Firman FSC is executive director of Solidarity for South Sudan) he shares about our former student Gatwech from Malakal who is trying to set up a school in the UN Camp in Juba. Gatwech and I were on the same plane coming to Yambio in 2015. I'm very proud of him. God bless him!

Thank you for remembering us in your prayer.
Love,  Carolyn

Reflection by Brother Bill Firman FSC, executive director of Solidarity for Sudan

Children in the Protection of Civilians camp 1 in Juba, South Sudan.
Children in the Protection of Civilians camp 1 in Juba, South Sudan.

There is no doubt that there are still underlying tensions and deep divisions within South Sudan society. There have already been a few, muted reports of confrontation between the forces of Salva Kiir (President of S. Sudan) and Riek Machar (Vice-President and former leader of the Opposition during the civil war in South Sudan). How could there not be after so much hostility, slaughter and destruction during the past 28 months? So many people have lost loved ones. Too many people have been left homeless with nowhere to go—and no-one anywhere ready to welcome them.

The trauma of witnessing so much destruction, lustful killing and rape is hard to overcome. A long period of healing, forgiveness and reconciliation is needed. Easy to say, but not so easy to do. But the first steps have been taken. The people want peace. The currency is not stable but the upward spiral has at least paused. Juba airport is open again on Saturdays and Sundays after a year of closure. The very hot summer has passed. Most goods are available if you can afford to pay for them– r wait in the long lines at the few petrol stations actually selling fuel. Now that the Transitional Government has been formed, the international community is more likely to offer support.

After a three-year delay due to fighting, a container full of clothing, food, bicycles, school equipment and many other goods is finally on the way to its destination..
After a three-year delay due to fighting, a container full of clothing, food, bicycles, school equipment and many other goods is finally on the way to its destination..

Some reports say that up to half the people are hungry with not enough to eat. It is actually noticeable on the street that many people look very thin. I am sorry I am not one of them! But there is hope of better times and a slow recovery. Hope is infinitely better than hopeless.

A graduate of the teacher training college created a school in a "Protection of Civilians" camp in South Sudan.
A graduate of the teacher training college created a school in a "Protection of Civilians" camp in South Sudan.

I have had a series of meetings recently with one of our teacher training graduates, Gatwech Wiyual. ‘Gatwech’ means ‘son of the land’. Gatwech is from Malakal and was one of those students who was part way through his teacher training studies when the violence erupted in late 2013 causing the closure of our Malakal campus. With funds provided by donors, we were able to move Gatwech to Yambio where he completed his formal training but he cannot yet go back to Malakal as it is still not safe there. Hence, he is living in a UN Protection of Civilians (PoC) camp in Juba where the UN provide food and shelter, but not schooling. So Gatwech, and thirteen other secondary school graduates, eight of whom are trained, have begun their own voluntary school for more than 300 primary school children. Gatwech has been meeting with me to plan an appeal for funds to purchase basic school materials. It is inspiring to see these unpaid teachers trying to create opportunity for at least some of the children in this crowded PoC camp.

Chaplain George Meat Pietsch, visiting from Melbourne where he serves the South Sudanese Community, \baptized more than 100 people in the Protection of Civilians camp in Juba.
Chaplain George Meat Pietsch, visiting from Melbourne where he serves the South Sudanese Community, has baptized more than 100 people in the Protection of Civilians camp in Juba.

It is not all tribal division in South Sudan. In fact, in this school that they have called, somewhat pretentiously, the ‘Upper Nile Learning Centre’, they are teaching not only the basic subjects of English, Maths, Science, Christian Religious Education and Social Studies but also Nuer, Shilluk and Anyuak. You are more likely to be friends when you speak one another’s language. It is a rocky road in South Sudan but, if we look ahead, there are signs the path is becoming smoother.

Br Bill

Last updated: 2017-07-06


  1. Carolyn,
    When I was a girl at Mt Carmel School in Redwood City I dreamed of doing what YOU do!! What an incredible calling you have (Clearly it wasn't mine!) and I feel so inspired from your writings. I do know the joy that comes with working among God's poorest, and I can only imagine the enormous blessing they have in friendship with you and your gently, loving, beautiful presence. BLessings and prayers for you and for all of South Sudan! Gratefully, Karen

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